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An introduction to modern sociology - Todorova 2013

An introduction to modern sociology - Todorova 2013

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CONTENTS
 
PREFACE 7
 
PART ONE
 
THE SOCIOLOGICAL DEBATE 9
 
1. THE PLACE OF SOCIOLOGY .9
 
2. INTEREST IN THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT. 12
 
2.1. Information gathering 13
 
2.2. The significance of social facts 15
 
2.3. Defining the sociological field 19
 
2.4. Classic representatives of sociological thought 21
 
3. SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES AND SOCIOLOGICAL NOTIONS 27
 
3.1. Contemporary sociological schools of thought.... 27
 
3.2. Fundamental concepts . 33
 
4. SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH 40
 
4.1. Nature of sociological research 40
 
4.2. Methods of sociological research 44
 
PART TWO
 
NATURE VERSUS NURTURE ..48
 
1. INHERITANCE AND BEHAVIOURAL GENETICS 48
 
2. MODERN UNDERSTANDING OF THE INFLUENCE
 
OF THE ENVIRONMENT 50
 
3. SOCIALIZATION...   53
 
3.1. Cognitive development 53
 
3.2. Language development   55
 
3.3. Emotional development 56
 
4. CULTURAL INFLUENCE AND SOCIAL ROLES  58
 
5. SOCIAL DEVIATION AND SOCIAL CONTROL 62
 
5.1. Norm violation and crime 62
 
5.2. Biological and psychological theories of deviance 66
 
5.3. Sociological explanations of deviant behaviour 68
 
5.4. Conformity to social norms 72
PART THREE
 
SOCIAL INEQUALITIES....    76
 
1. STRATIFICATION CONCEPTS AND THEORIES 76
 
1.1. Social class    77
 
1.2. Social mobility   79
 
1.3. Social fragmentation and social exclusion 81
 
1.4. Classical and modem stratification theories 83
 
1.5. Comparative stratification systems    88
 
1.6. Global stratification 90
 
2. RACIAL AND ETHNIC INEQUALITIES AND CONFLICTS ...........97
 
2.1. The concepts of race, racial groups and racism < ...97
 
2.2. The concepts of ethnicity, ethnic groups and ethnocentrism 99
 
2.3. Prejudice and discrimination 100
 
2.4. Mechanisms of ethnic and racial mobility 101
 
3. GENDER AND AGE INEQUALITIES AND CONFLICTS 103
 
3.1. Differences between the sexes and gender socialization 104
 
3.2. The sex ratio 105
 
3.3. Forms of gender inequality 108
 
3.4. Women’s rights movements 110
 
4. AGE INEQUALITIES AND CONFLICTS 111
 
4.1. The elderly as a group Ill
 
4.2. Aging processes 113
 
4.3. Sociological explanations of aging   113
 
PART FOUR
 
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS 116
 
1. FAMILY     .116
 
1.1. Theoretical reflections on the family 117
 
1.2. The family from a historical perspective 119
 
1.3. Present-day challenges facing the family 122
 
2. EDUCATION       125
 
2.1. Mainstreaming of education in the industrial era 125
 
2.2. Sociological link between education and occupation 127
 
3. RELIGION     131
 
3.1. Meaning, definition and theories of religion 131
3.2. Types of religious organizations ...
4. POLITICS AND STATE GOVERNANCE
4.1. Public governance and power.
 
4.2. Democracy and theories of democracy
 
4.3. Ideology and public opinion
 
5. ECONOMIC LIFE
5.1. Mam issues regarding economic institutions
 
. . Development of modem economy
 
54' Й ”th£ n,atUre °f’ab0Ur “ modem mAet society .4. The labour market in Bulgaria.. y
 
b.5. Adding legitimacy to economic sociology .....11’’**.'.'*’
1. URBANIZATION AND POPULATION
 
1.1. Development of urbanization..
 
1.2. Urban Sociology
 
1.3. Population - description and trends
2. SOCIAL CHANGE AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
 
2.1. Sources and characteristics of social change ^..2. Economic sources of social channe
 
2.3. Social movements
 
2.4. The globalization debate
 
NAME INDEX
 
SUBJECT INDEX
PART FIVE SOCIAL CHANGE..
 
 
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