7print.bg = 1 принтиране + 2 плотиране + 3 подвързване + 4 чаши + 5 тениски + 6 книгоиздаване + 7 рекламни м-ли 088 682 47 47
Категории
Basics in Clinical Nutrition, 2nd Edition, 2000

Basics in Clinical Nutrition, 2nd Edition, 2000

Сумата се прибавя директно в кошницата
8.00лв


CONTENTS
PREFACE 15
 
1. INTRODUCTION   17
 
2. MALNUTRITION   19
 
2.1. Prevalence of Malnutrition 19
 
2.2. Simple starvation 21
 
2.3. Stress starvation 23
 
2.4. Influence of malnutrition on physiological function 25
 
' 2.5. Malnutrition and the reaction to acute illness or trauma 27
 
2.6. Diagnosis of malnutrition. Screening and assessment 29
 
3. SUBSTRATES USED IN PARENTERAL AND ENTERAL NUTRITION 37
 
■ 3.1. Energy .. ; ■. i 37
 
3.2. Carbohydrates ' 39
 
’ 3.3. Lipids , 4U
 
3.4. Proteins and amino acids 44
 
3.5. Water and electrolytes '. i 51
 
3.6. Trace elements and vitamins in parenteral and enteral nutrition , 62
 
3.7. Fibre and short chain fatty acids 71
 
. 3.8. Role of antioxidants in nutritional support 74
 
4. NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT * 79
 
4.1. Enteral nutrition 79
 
4.1.1. Indications and contraindications for enteral nutrition 79
 
4.1.2. Methods of delivering enteral nutrition 81
 
4.1.2.1. Sip feeds 81
 
4.1.2.2. Transnasal access 82
 
4.1.2.3. Endoscopic access (PEG and PÉJ) 84
 
4.1.2.4. Surgical access - gastrostomy, needle catheter jejunostomy 88
 
• 4.1.2.5. Administration of enteral tube feeds 90
 
■ 4.1.2.6. Equipment for delivering enteral nutrition 91
 
4.1.3. Diets for enteral nutrition : 93
 
4.1.3.1. Home made diets 93
 
4.1.3.2. Polymeric formulas : 95
 
4.1.3.3. Elemental and oligomeric diets ..7 .- 96
 
.44.3.4. Special formulas / 98
 
4.1.4. Complications of Enteral Nutrition :... 100
 
4.2. Parenteral nutri.lion   104
 
4.2.1-, Ways of delivering parenteral nutrition '.... 104
 
4.2.1.1. Peripheral parenteral nutrition (PPN) 104
 
4.2.1.2. Central parenteral nutrition 108
 
4.2.1.3. Complications of central catheter insertion and care 117
 
4.2.2. Systems for parenteral nutrition 122
 
4.2.24. Different systems for parenteral nutrition (AIO vs. MB) 122
 
4.2.2.2. Composition of nutritional admixtures and formulas for parenteral nutrition ... 124
 
4.2.2.3. How to prepare parenteral nutrition (PN) admixtures 129
 
4.2.2.4. Stability of parenteral nutrition admixtures ;..... 133
 
4.2.2.5. Special substrates for parenteral nutrition 137
 
4.2.2.6. Metabolic complications of parenteral nutrition 139
5. MONITORING OF NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT 142
 
6. ORGANIZATION OF NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT 149
 
6.1. Ethical and legal aspects 149
 
6.2. Organization of nutritional care : 157
 
7. NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT IN DIFFERENT CLINICAL SITUATIONS 161
 
7.1. Nutritional support in severe malnutrition 161
 
7.2. Perioperative nutrition ; ]64
 
7.3. Nutritional support in critically ill patients 166
 
7.4. Nutritional support in inflammatory bowel disease 173
 
7.5. Nutritional support in liver disease 176
 
7.6. Nutritional support in renal disease 179
 
7.7. Nutrition in cardiac and pulmonary diseases )86
 
7.8. Nutritional support in acute and chronic pancreatitis 189
 
7.9. Nutrition support in GI fistulas ]97
 
7.10. Nutritional support in extensive gut resections (short bowel) 200
 
7.1 1. Nutritional support in the diabetic patient 209
 
7.12. Nutrition in the elderly 215
 
7.13. Nutritional support in bum patients 234
 
7.14. Nutritional support in cancer 239
 
7.15. Nutritional support in AIDS 247
 
7.16. Nutritional support in paediatrics 253
 
7.17. Nutritional support during pregnancy V 273
 
7.18. Home artificial nutrition : 275
 
`