Thanks vii To the student viii To the teacher ix
1 Present continuous and present simple (1)
2 Present continuous and present simple (2)
3 Past simple and present perfect
4 Past continuous and past simple
5 Past perfect and past simple
6 Present perfect continuous and present perfect
7 Past perfect continuous, past perfect and past continuous
8 Present and past time: review
9 Will and be going to
10 Present simple and present continuous for the future
11 Future continuous and future perfect (continuous)
12 Be to + infinitive
13 Other ways of talking about the future
14 The future seen from the past
Medals and semi-modals
15 Can, could, be able to and be allowed to 1 6 Will, would and used to
17 May and might: possibility
18 Must and have (got) to
19 Need(n’t), don’t need to and don’t have to
20 Should, ought to and had better
Linking verbs, passives, questions
21 Linking verbs: be, appear, seem; become, get, etc.
22 Forming passive sentences (1)
23 Forming passive sentences (2): verb + -ing or to-infinitive
24 Using passives
25 Reporting with passive verbs; It is said that...
26 Wh-questions with who, whom, which, how and whose
27 Negative questions; echo questions; questions with that-clauses
Verb complementation: what follows verbs
28 Verbs, objects and complements
29 Verb + two objects
30 Verb + -ing forms and infinitives (1)
31 Verb + -ing forms and infinitives (2)
32 Reporting people’s words and thoughts
33 Reporting statements: that-clauses
34 Verb + wh-clause
35 Tense choice in reporting
36 Reporting offers, suggestions, orders, intentions, etc.
37 Modal verbs in reporting
38 Reporting what people say using nouns and adjectives
39 Should in that-clauses; the present subjunctive
40 Agreement between subject and verb (1)
41 Agreement between subject and verb (2)
42 Agreement between subject and verb (3)
43 Compound nouns and noun phrases
Articles, determiners and quantifiers
44 A/an and one
45 A/an, the and zero article (1)
46 A/an, the and zero article (2)
47 A/an, the and zero article (3)
48 Some and any
49 No, none (of) and not any
50 Much (of), many (of) a lot of, lots (of), etc.
51 All (of), whole, every, each
52 Few, little, less, fewer
Relative clauses and other types of clause
53 Relative pronouns
54 Other relative words: whose, when, whereby, etc.
55 Prepositions in relative clauses
56 Other ways of adding information to noun phrases (1): additional noun phrases, etc.
57 Other ways of adding information to noun phrases (2): prepositional phrases, etc.
58 Participle clauses with adverbial meaning (1)
59 Participle clauses with adverbial meaning (2)
Pronouns, substitution and leaving out words
60 Reflexive pronouns: herself, himself, themselves, etc.
61 One and ones
62 So and not as substitutes for clauses, etc.
63 Do so; such
64 More on leaving out words after auxiliary verbs
65 Leaving out to-infinitives