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Chemistry in civil engineering lecture notes

Chemistry in civil engineering lecture notes

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Chemistry in Civil Engineering Lecture Course CONTENTS
Theme 1 Matter and substance. Classification of substances. Basic types of inorganic substances. Page 5
Theme 2 Periodic table of elements - principle and structure. Periodic change of some properties of the chemical elements and their compounds. Page 21
Theme 3 Chemical bond. Nature of the chemical bond. Types of chemical bonds and properties controlled by the chemical bond. Dipole and dipole moment. Intermolecular interactions. Page 24
Theme 4 Reverse reactions and chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium constant. Factors influencing the equilibrium. Le Chatelier’s principle. Page 34
Theme 5 Chemical reaction rates. Kinetic equation and reaction order. Factors affecting the rates. Activation energy. Page 44
Theme 6 Solid state. Difference between crystal and amorphous state. Ciystal structure. Page 49
Theme 7 Crystal lettuces and properties of crystals with ion, atom, molecule and metal crystal lettuces. Isomorphism and polymorphism. Page 59
Theme 8 Minerals. Structure of silicate minerals. Formulae of silicates. Page 63
Theme 9 Surface tension and surfactants. Adsorption. Adhesion, cohesion, wetting, capillarity. Page 71
Theme 10 Dispersion systems - classification. Coarse dispersion systems. Suspensions, emulsions and foams. Page 84
Theme 11 Colloids. Structure and stability. Methods of synthesis of colloid systems. Properties of the colloids. Coagulation, peptization, colloid protection. 1 Page 91
Theme 12 Water - distinct properties of the water molecule. Abnormal properties of water. Page 98
Theme 13 Electrolyte dissociation. Water autoprotolysis and pH. Page 102
Theme 14 Hydrolysis and Hydration. Concentration. Page 110
Theme 15 Water in nature - composition and classification of natural waters. Water hardness and treatment. Page 114
Theme 16 Binders. Physical-chemical properties of binders. Mechanism of binging and hardening. Page 122
Theme 17 Gypsum and lime. Chemistry of Cement. Page 124
Theme 18 Corrosion of concrete. Page 130
Theme 19 Electrochemistry. Redox potentials. Page 133
Theme 20 corrosion, lypes oi corrosion. Metnoas for metai protection from corrosion. Page 137
Theme 21 Polymers. Classification, structure and properties. Page 147