My thanks go firstly to Fiona Davis for her encouragement, constructive suggestions, and eye for detail. Fiona’s considerable editorial expertise has helped me enormously in writing the book. Thanks, too, to Lynn Townsend for guiding the project so professionally, and to Lynn, Nora McDonald and Linda Matthews for their work in the final stages.
Nick Witherick and Peter Sunderland gave extensive feedback on drafts of the book. Their experience was invaluable in helping me revise the grammar reference and exam practice material in particular. Thanks are also due to Sam Brown, Claire Fooks, Nathalie Key, Suzanne Hewings and Hannah Templeton for their assistance in drafting sample answers.
At home, thanks to Ann and Suzanne for being always willing to listen, help and support.
The author and publishers acknowledge the following sources of copyright material and are grateful for the permissions granted. While every effort has been made, -it has not always been possible to identify the sources of all the material used, or to trace all copyright holders.
If any omissions are brought to our notice, we will be happy to include the appropriate acknowledgements on reprinting.
HarperCollins Publishers Ltd for the text on p. 9 from Bel Canto. Copyright © Ann Patchett 2001. Reprinted
by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Ltd; The Economist for the adapted text on p. 10 The Economist. Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited, London, 19 December 2006; Alite Ltd for the adapted text on p. 11 from Alite Ltd Newsletter, www.alite.co.uk; Tom Kirkwood for the text on p. 21 from BBC Reith Lecture, Radio 4, 2001; BBC News Online for the text on p. 22. Copyright © bbc.co.uk; Sir David Attenborough for the text on p. 78 ‘Why do birds eat seeds?’ from The Life of Birds by Sir David Attenborough; International Masters Publishers for the adapted text on p. 79 from Reflexology Leaflet. Reproduced with the permission of International Masters Publishers AB. Copyright © 1999 International Musters Publishers AB. All rights reserved; Text on p. 97 ‘My life as a human speed bump’ by George Monbiot,
The Green Living Guide, The Guardian 23 October 2006; Telegraph Media Group Ltd for the adapted text cm p.
116 from ‘Gadgets to make your home energy efficient’ Daily Telegraph 14 April 2007, for the text on p. 168 ‘Terrible Orchestra5 by Alexander McCall Smith, Daily Telegraph 1 November 2007. Copyright © Telegraph Media Group limited; Hodder 8c Stoughton Limited and MBA
Literary Agents for the text on p.117 from Natural Flights of the Human Mind. Copyright © 2006 by Clare Morrall, published by Sceptre. Reproduced by permission of Hodder <Sc Stoughton Limited and MBA Literary Agents on behalf of the author; Penguin Books Ltd for the text on p. 127 from Eyewitness Travel Guides: Spain (Dorling Kindersley 1996,1997). Copyright © 1996,1997 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London. Reproduced by permission of Dorling Kindersley Ltd; BBC.co.uk for the text on p. 143 from www.bbc.co.uk /nature/animals/mammals/explore/ instincts.shtml, and for the text on p. 159 from www.bbc. co.uk/science/humanbody/mind/articles /psychology/ what_is_psychology.shtml. Reproduced by permission of BBC.co.uk; Nick Rennison for the extracts on pp. 206-207, from the Waterstone’s Guide to Popular Science. Reproduced with permission of the editor, Nick Rennison
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